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Menodora Humboldt & Bonpland

Protologue: Pl. Aequinoct. 2: 98 t. 110 (1809)

Type species: Menodora helianthemoides Humb. & Bonpl. (Mexico)

Synonyms (links to GRIN): Bolivaria, Calyptrospermum, Menodoropsis

Distribution: America (SW USA, Mexico and Argentina) and South Africa

Number of species: about 20

Description: From Verdoorn (1956): Perennial, suffruticose, or sub-herbaceous from a woody base, erect or diffuse with a long strong tap-root. Leaves simple or divided, sub-opposite or alternate. Inflorescences cymose, paniculate or sometimes reduced to a single flower and then with monochasial development. Calyx persistent, united at the base with 5 to 10 lobes, lobes sometimes cleft. Corolla united, tube usually half the length of the lobes, usually pilose within at the insertion of stamens, lobes usually 5, imbricate. Stamens 2, filaments inserted on the tube and decurrent to its base, free above and exserted; anthers attached near the base, erect, oblong, dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Ovary 2-lobed, 2-celled, ovules 2-4 in each cell, collateral, attached to the wall of partition about midway. Fruit a bi-locular capsule, usually both cocci developing, circumscissilely dehiscent. Seeds ex-endospermous, 1 to 4 in a coccus, reticulated.

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Maintained by Eva Wallander | Last updated: 2009-10-30